In this composition I will show you the location of the crossing of the Red Sea during Israel^s exodus out of Egypt and the location of Mount Sinai, the mountain of God, also known as Mount Horeb and locally as Jebel el Lawz. These two locations have been found by explorers and I find them totally convincing because they fit with the information given in the Bible to a degree far beyond the shadow of doubt. The traditional locations shown on maps found in most Bibles of the crossing of the Red Sea and of Mount Sinai are simply wrong. I will not make any attempt at explaining the reasons for these errors in presenting the following information. But remember that what we call the ^Sinai^ peninsula was part of Egypt at the time of the Exodus and not out of Egypt.
There are very many places mentioned in the Bible that ^scholars^ do not know the location of. Many that are erroneously shown on maps, charts and in atlases. These errors have mislead countless for many generations, maybe even thousands of years.
Perhaps the most common missing factor in finding and determining the location of some places is what is commonly called ^common sense^ even when it is actually very uncommon. You will see in this work that by holding the truth of the Bible, which should be common sense, and by observing obvious geological features, which should also be common sense, that things fall into place, that the pieces of the puzzle are found and fit to reveal the big picture and that common sense can actually prevail.
I write with the conviction that the Bible is true. It is up to you and to me to prove it for ourselves. This often takes considerable time and effort which I have made time and time again. When things cannot be proven I do not consider them wrong, I leave it to God to show me at some other time in the future, whether it be in this life or the next.
For the sake of time, space and to prevent repetition I will begin this story with the Exodus starting from Rameses in Goshen and not repeat the story of the Passover. I will assume that my readers know what I am talking about and for those who don^t you will simply have to gain knowledge on this subject elsewhere. There are many sources, the Bible being the best.
First, here is a passage where the Pharaoh is talking to Joseph, one of the twelve sons of Jacob, the father of one of the twelve tribes of Israel (Jacob).
Genesis 47:6 (NKJV)
The land of Egypt is before you. Have your father and brothers dwell in the best of the land; let them dwell in the land of Goshen.
This passage is set at the beginning of Israel^s 430 years in Egypt. They were welcome guests at first but later became slaves.
Genesis 47:11 (NKJV)
And Joseph situated his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.
You can see by this passage that the land of Rameses and the land of Goshen refer to the same land. Rameses was actually a town or city in Goshen.
430 years latter the exodus lead by Moses began.
Exodus 12:37 (NKJV)
Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children. (Also besides women and the elderly.)
Distance from Rameses, in Goshen, to the Gulf of Aqaba is close to 240 miles or 400 kilometres as the eagle flies or because a longer route through Succoth was taken, as the Bible indicates, closer to 340 miles or 560 kilometres, roughly.
Exodus 19:4 (NKJV)
You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself.
For Israel to reach the Gulf of Aqaba in 6 days, the first six days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, they would have had to travel around 40 miles per day or 66 kilometres per day, an average of 2.4 miles per hour or 4.0 kilometres per hour, roughly. Given that they were fleeing for their lives and that God was guiding them day and night and that they were as on eagles^ wings and that God was performing miracles in those days, I would say that a 6 day journey to the Gulf of Aqaba, a branch of the Red Sea, was very possible and very probable as I will explain in more detail shortly.
The following verse talks about the very first observance on the Feast of Unleavened Bread that began with a holy day on the 15th day of the 1st month and ended with a holy day seven days later on the 21st day of the 1st month.
Exodus 12:16 and 17 (NKJV)
On the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. ... So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance.
Note that this passage talks about being brought out in one day but mentions two days of holy convocation and it is not made clear which of these two days is being singled out. Perhaps it is both days but the explanation and details are left out. God very often leaves out a great deal of detail in His depictions of history and in His prophecies. The same applies to the following two verses.
Exodus 12:40 and 41 (NKJV)
Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, on that very same day, it came to pass that all the armies of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.
Exodus 12:51 (NKJV)
And it came to pass, on that very same day, that the LORD brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt according to their armies.
It is not such a common occurrence that God restates a historical event three times in one chapter. This puts a lot of importance and certainty on the statements.
They left Rameses by night on the 15th day of the 1st month at the onset of the day at dusk, the day as defined by the Bible.
Exodus 12:41 and 42 (NKJV)
And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, on that very same day, it came to pass that all the armies of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. It is a night of solemn observance to the LORD for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the LORD, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.
This solemn observance is observed on the onset of the 15th day of the 1st month every year and is commonly called the Night To Be Much Observed or NTBMO.
Deuteronomy 16:1 (NKJV)
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.
I will show you that the Last Day of Unleavened Bread was also a very significant day to the Lord during this initiation of or reason for the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
God guided and lead Israel during the Exodus through Egypt. They travelled both day and night but also took rests.
Exodus 13:21 and 22 (NKJV)
And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so as to go by day and night. He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day or the pillar of fire by night from before the people.
The Pharaoh^s pursuit would soon follow. It seems that his outposts would inform him that Israel was trapped by the mountains and the sea at Nuweiba Beach.
Exodus 14:1 to 3 (NKJV)
Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying: ^Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn and camp before Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, opposite Baal Zephon; you shall camp before it by the sea. For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, ‘They are bewildered by the land; the wilderness has closed them in.’
Pihahiroth is more of a type of land feature than a specific place. This land feature could be found in any place where land and water met. However God told them and guided them to exactly the one place where he wanted them to go and that place was perfectly suited for this great event.
Pihahiroth from WIKIPEDIA.
Those positing a Hebrew name have speculated ^Pi~hahiroth^ might mean ^mouth of the gorges^, descriptive of its location as the end of a canal or river. In fact, part of the mystery may be resolved by understanding the initial syllable ′Pi,′ which corresponds to the Egyptian word Ipi or Ipu, as house of such as in ′Pithom′ or ′Pi~Ramesses′. The next literary fragment ′Ha′ would indicate the ′desert hills or mountains could possibly indicate the prominent mountainous range west of Nuweiba Beach on the West coast of the Gulf of Aqaba.
Pihahiroth from Jewish encyclopedia
The Mekilta (Beshallaḥ, Wayeḥi, 1) identifies the place with Pithom, which was called Pi~hahiroth (= ^the mouth of freedom^) after the Israelites had been freed from bondage, the place itself being specified as a valley between two high rocks. (By rocks I think they mean cliffs or hills or mountains.)
The term wilderness does not only apply to dessert areas but can apply to anywhere that is fit for wild life and not human inhabitation such as in a mountain range.
Nuweiba Beach on the Gulf of Aqaba was and still is large enough to hold millions of people with their cattle, sheep, goats and baggage. It sits at the end of a long wildly winding valley, which, it appears, was a river bed at one time, perhaps during the receeding of waters at the time of the flood, through mountains between the dessert in the Sinai Peninsula and the Gulf of Aqaba about half way down the Gulf of Aqaba coast.
Not many other details about the route to Nuweiba Beach are known as the location of the names of the places given in the Bible are not known today. The large beach between the mountains and the sea at Nuweiba are an obvious match and the only one of its kind in Egypt.
Exodus 13:18 (NKJV)
So God led the people around by way of the wilderness of the Red Sea. And the children of Israel went up in orderly ranks out of the land of Egypt.
Exodus 14:1 to 10 (NKJV)
Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying: ^Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn and camp before Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, opposite Baal Zephon; you shall camp before it by the sea. For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, ‘They are bewildered by the land; the wilderness has closed them in.’ Then I will harden Pharaoh^s heart, so that he will pursue them; and I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD.^ And they did so. Now it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled, and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people; and they said, ^Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?^ So he made ready his chariot and took his people with him. Also, he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt with captains over every one of them. And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; and the children of Israel went out with boldness. So the Egyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon. And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So they were very afraid, and the children of Israel cried out to the LORD.
They were caught between the mountains and the sea, that is the wilderness and a branch of the Red Sea. Check out the area of Nuweiba Beach on Google Earth and the path through the mountains to the immediate west and the sea to the immediate east. See how perfectly suited for the exodus it is.
A pillar of cloud could easily have held back the Egyptian army in the narrow path through the mountains that lead to the Nuweiba Beach. In this place the armies could not have gone around the cloud and trying to manoeuvre through a wildly winding valley in thick dark cloud cover would have been very difficult, confusing and slow.
Exodus 14:19 and 20 (NKJV)
And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.
That night was the onset of the Last Day of Unleavened Bread as best as I can tell. I^ll say more momentarily.
The crossing of the Gulf of Aqaba, a branch of the Red Sea, into Arabia at Nuweiba Beach is about 9.6 miles as measured on Google Earth. Another source said 8 miles. The sea was also deep perhaps as much as 500 feet deep at midpoint. This is shallow when compared to the mile deep waters on either side of this crossing point as well as the mile deep waters of the main branch of the Red Sea. No accurate survey information is available to my knowledge. The crossing occurred at night.
Exodus 14:21 to 29 (NKJV)
Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided. So the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh^s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. Now it came to pass, in the morning watch, that the LORD looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He troubled the army of the Egyptians. And He took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, ^Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians.^ Then the LORD said to Moses, ^Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.^ And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained. But the children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
Here are some other depictions of the parting of the Red Sea.
Exodus 15:8 (NKJV)
And with the blast of Your nostrils The waters were gathered together; The floods stood upright like a heap; The depths congealed in the heart of the sea.
Isaiah 63:13 (NKJV)
Who led them through the deep, As a horse in the wilderness, That they might not stumble?
Psalm 106:9 (NKJV)
He rebuked the Red Sea also, and it dried up; So He led them through the depths, As through the wilderness.
The words used to describe the amount of water are full depth, heap, deep and depths. It was discovered that at this location the banks of the sea are gently slopped so as to allow people, horses with wagons and chariots to descend then ascend on the other side and cross the sea once it was dried up. No other such features were found anywhere on the Gulf of Aqaba, the Gulf of Suez or the Red Sea itself. Everywhere else the banks are too steep to allow passage. Also at Nuweiba the sea bottom is silt not mud and would allow easy walking, once dry, for people and animals. This is all evidence that this place of passage was planned at least since the flood at the time of Noah if not since the week of creation and perhaps even much earlier.
Isaiah 43:16 (GNB)
Long ago the LORD made a road through the sea, a path through the swirling waters.
Isaiah 51:10 (NKJV)
Are You not the One who dried up the sea, The waters of the great deep; That made the depths of the sea a road For the redeemed to cross over?
Our Great Creator God surely planned and created this road well ahead of time.
Exodus 14:30 (NKJV)
So the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.
We saw earlier that the Egyptian army included all the chariots of Egypt. (Exodus 14:6 and 7, 9 and 23)
Exodus 14:7 (NKJV)
Also, he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt with captains over every one of them.
Josephus, the Israelite historian, estimated the size of the Egyptian army to be around 250,000 men.
This was a great day, a great victory and it was the day that Israel actually left Egyptian land and stood in Arabia. It was the day that they finally escaped slavery and the fear of Egypt and stepped foot into perceived or comparative freedom. This is why I believe that it was the Last Day of Unleavened Bread, the day they actually left Egypt.
Exodus 14:31 (NKJV)
Thus Israel saw the great work which the LORD had done in Egypt; so the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD and His servant Moses.
They were now in Arabia, out of Egypt, and no longer had to run for their lives. They must have had great emotional feelings. They must have marvelled greatly at all that had transpired in the past few days and weeks. This was truly a special time and day like no other ever heard of in history since the flood or the week of creation, another great week. This is why I believe that it was the Last Day of Unleavened Bread, the day they left Egypt.
Now they were in Arabia in the land of Midian, check your maps, it is common knowledge that Midian is in Arabia.
Moses had spent some time in Midian after he escaped Egypt after having killed an Egyptian.
Exodus 2:15 (NKJV)
When Pharaoh heard of this matter, he sought to kill Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh and dwelt in the land of Midian; and he sat down by a well.
There are wells in Midian called by the name of Moses to this day and can be located on Google Earth.
Exodus 3:1 (NKJV)
Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father~in~law, the priest of Midian. And he led the flock to the back of the desert, and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.
From Al Bad to the Mountain of God is about 25 miles going around the mountains.
Exodus 18:1 (NKJV)
And Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father~in~law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.
Moses spent 40 years with Jethro in this area and likely knew it well.
Stephen before getting stoned to death told us this.
Acts 7:29 and 30 (NKJV)
Then, at this saying, Moses fled and became a dweller in the land of Midian, where he had two sons. And when forty years had passed, an Angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire in a bush, in the wilderness of Mount Sinai.
The apostle Paul also stated that Mount Sinai was in Arabia.
Galatians 4:25 (NKJV)
for this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia,
The next place Israel went after crossing the Gulf of Aqaba was to Marah the place with bitter water.
Numbers 33:8 (NKJV)
They departed from before Hahiroth and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, went three days’ journey in the Wilderness of Etham, and camped at Marah.
I was not able to locate Marah but I question the idea that they immediately went on a 3 days journey to Marah. I do believe that Marah was 3 days journey from where they crossed the Red Sea. But it also says that they saw the dead Egyptians washed up on the shore. Exodus 14:30 (NKJV) So the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. How long did it take for the Egyptians to get washed up on the shore? one day? two days? It surely wasn^t instantaneous. There may have been hundreds of thousands washed up. Would they not have scavenged their armour, spears, bows arrows, metal, wood and such? Also they would have been rejoicing that their enemy had been defeated, that the threat of death had passed, that their escape was successful and that they could ease their minds considerably. See Exodus 14:30 to Exodus 15:21, which include the standing in awe of the Lord, the Song Of Moses and the Song Of Miriam. Were these songs composed instantly? Rejoicing took place, perhaps for days. I suspect however that they would have left that area after just a few days once the bodies started to decompose and smell. Another thing is that the pillars of cloud and fire were still guiding them. And there was an increasing need to find water.
Exodus 15:22 (NKJV)
So Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea; then they went out into the Wilderness of Shur. And they went three days in the wilderness and found no water.
Exodus 15:23 (NKJV)
Now when they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore the name of it was called Marah.
Exodus 15:25 (NKJV)
So he (Moses) cried out to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a tree. When he cast it into the waters, the waters were made sweet. There He made a statute and an ordinance for them, and there He tested them,
Perhaps another week had passed. They now had time to let the bread rise. The Feast of Unleavened Bread was over. This would have been two weeks since leaving Rameses.
Next onto an oasis with 70 palm trees and twelve wells.
Exodus 15:27 (NKJV)
Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees; so they camped there by the waters.
This site in Elim can be found on Google Earth about 30 miles south of the crossing and inland a little. The Oasis of Elim still has many palm trees, more than it had at the time of Moses, and the twelve wells are still there and still functional. They camped by the Gulf of Aqaba to the west about 3 miles through the mountain path. There is a large flat area of beach there to this day. You can see photos on Google Earth. This is more convincing proof that this is where Israel was those thousands of years ago.
Perhaps another week went by. This would have been three weeks since leaving Rameses.
They moved from there inland.
The book of Numbers confirms;
Numbers 33:9 to 11 (NKJV)
They moved from Marah and came to Elim. At Elim were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees; so they camped there. They moved from Elim and camped by the Red Sea. They moved from the Red Sea and camped in the Wilderness of Sin.
The 15th day of the 2nd month in the wilderness of Sin.
Exodus 16:1 (NKJV)
And they journeyed from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they departed from the land of Egypt.
The 15th day of the 2nd month was only 29 or 30 days after leaving Rameses in Goshen. Let me propose that this time can be divided into four time periods as I have proposed above; one week to get from Goshen to the other side of the Red Sea at the Gulf of Aqaba, one week to get from there to Marah, which was 3 days travelling time, one week to get from Marah to the twelve wells area near the Red Sea at Oasis at Elim and one week to get to the wilderness of Sin.
The wilderness of Sin is where Al Bad is located. It is about 12 miles, as the crow flies, inland from the oasis at Elim. The locals, to this day, say that Jethro, Moses father in law lived there. Some ancient maps of the area show his name. The caves of Jethro are there to this day and can be seen on Google Earth.
Mention of such caves is found in the book of Judges.
Judges 6:2 (NKJV)
and the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel. Because of the Midianites, the children of Israel made for themselves the dens, the caves, and the strongholds which are in the mountains.
Moses strikes a rock and water gushes out.
Split rock is fifty feet high.
Exodus 17:5 and 6 (NKJV)
And the LORD said to Moses, ^Go on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. Also take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river, and go. Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink.^ And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
There is at least one photo of this fifty foot high rock, ^the rock^ on Google Earth just north and west of the real Mount Horeb, more on this shortly, just where God told Moses to find it. The rock is split in two and all around the base and the nearby rock are definite signs of water erosion. This rock with its long shadow can also be seen by zooming in on it. The evidence is blatant.
An altar was built at the base of Mount Horeb which is still visible on Google Earth today. The alter was to be built with no cut stones and was to have no steps leading up to it but just an incline, as the remains indicate today. Near the altar is a stone walled enclosure to keep the sacrificial animals before being slaughtered. This is also visible on Google Earth.
Exodus 20:24 to 26 (NKJV)
An altar of earth you shall make for Me, and you shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your oxen. In every place where I record My name I will come to you, and I will bless you. And if you make Me an altar of stone, you shall not build it of hewn stone; for if you use your tool on it, you have profaned it. Nor shall you go up by steps to My altar, that your nakedness may not be exposed on it.’
Exodus 24:4 (NKJV)
And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD. And he rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
At the base of this mountain remains of carved pillars can also still be found. They are about two feet in diameter and in height. They look like they would take two or three very strong men to lift and put in place.
Aaron also built an altar. It has engravings of a bull on it in several places. Images of it can be found on Google Earth near Mount Sinai and near the camp area.
Exodus 32:5 (NKJV)
So when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it.
A large flat area suited for a camp ground for millions is located southeast and near the base of Mount Sinai and is visible on Google Earth with photos.
Exodus 19:1 to 3 (NKJV)
In the third month after the children of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on the same day, they came to the Wilderness of Sinai. For they had departed from Rephidim, had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Israel camped there before the mountain. And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, ^Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel:
Mount Sinai was seriously singed by fire.
Exodus 19:18 (NKJV)
Now Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly.
Exodus 24:15 to 17 (NKJV)
Then Moses went up into the mountain, and a cloud covered the mountain. Now the glory of the LORD rested on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day He called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. The sight of the glory of the LORD was like a consuming fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the children of Israel.
The mountain today still has a black burnt look unlike surrounding mountains. Some pieces of stone on the mountain have a black glass like appearance. Again, you can find images of this on Google Earth.
Next a cave on Mount Horeb, the mountain of God.
1 Kings 19:8 and 9 (NASB)
So he (Elijah) arose and ate and drank, and went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights to Horeb, the mountain of God. Then he came there to a cave, and lodged there;
This cave is known as Elijah^s cave and is near the top of the mountain and can is still there.
You remember the burning bush that was not consumed that Moses saw.
Exodus 3:1 to 3 (NASB)
NOW Moses was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father~in~law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the west side of the wilderness, and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. And the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed. So Moses said, ^I must turn aside now, and see this marvelous sight, why the bush is not burned up.^
Interestingly an old large bush is still growing on the side of the mountain of God.
The evidence is overwhelmingly convincing that the Nuweiba Beach crossing was the actual crossing of Israel through the Red Sea and that this location in North Western Arabia, that I showed here, had and has the Real Mount Sinai.
Matthew 17:20 (NKJV)
So Jesus said to them, ... for assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move;
And so we move the mountain from where historians have put it in Egypt to its proper location in Arabia.
2016 Jacques Gauvin